Housing and human development in Batticaloa
The housing policy is to provide decent and affordable housing for all citizens. A shortage of affordable houses in the vicinity of rapidly urbanizing areas is one of the most critical problems. Generally a mismatch between what a family has and what it could take to have is also expressed in terms of housing stress which is constantly changing with family income increase followed by living standard. Therefore, the problem of housing needs to be understood and analyzed within a broader context taking into account of socio economic backgrounds of family and their fast changing needs and aspirations. A large number of housing units in the country are substandard requiring sustainable physical improvement, adequate public utility services and amenities. This is the National scenario. But in Batticaloa district situation is different. In the district the urban situation is somewhat similar to National scenario but the rural situation is entirely different as thousands of resettled families are looking for a stable shelter to recommence their living style.
The situation in Batticaloa district is a mismatch to National scenario. Thousands of displaced families in rural areas have gone back for resettlement and eagerly awaiting to get a stable house. In the case of Tsunami victim the damaged houses were replaced with a new house or repaired house. In the case of conflict affected families and the flood damaged houses they still wait for their chances without proper shelter. The temporary shelter provided for the resettled families will not serve for more than 02 years. Within this period their economic condition will not improve. Hence, they can’t go for a house instead they look forward for a housing assistance.
- Providing decent and affordable housing facilities to people in close proximity to their working place is imperative.
- Government is able to provide support only to the poorest.
- There is a group identified as handless. These families to be provided with hand also as they lost all belonging during displacements.
Housing Development Plans
- Construct Nos permanent shelters for affected families in Batticaloa district.
Human development (HD) for the Batticaloa District can be viewed as the process of achieving an optimum level of health and well-being of all the people. It includes: physical, biological, mental, emotional, social, educational, economic, and cultural components. Development can be measured in different ways. The Human Development Index, which is a popular index to measure HD, has only three dimensions: life expectancy at birth, adult literacy rate and mean years of schooling and income as measured by real gross domestic product per capita.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are the most broadly supported, comprehensive and specific development goals, recognized by world countries and it is also agreed by Sri Lanka to report. There are eight time-bound goals:
- Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- Achieve universal primary education
- Promote gender equality and empower women
- Reduce Child Mortality Rate
- Improve maternal health
- Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
- Ensure environmental sustainability
- Develop a global partnership for development
As an initial step of the planning process for the Batticaloa Development Plan, the vision and mission statements were drafted. The vision is to be “the best District in human values, governance and quality of life”. The Batticaloa Development Strategy has four areas: Governance, Enhancing the quality of life, Sustainable Development and Values. The strategies for which the human development sector contributes to are listed below:
The human development sector of the Batticaloa Development Plan covers, health, education, gender, youth, sports and culture and labour and employment.