Fishing in Batticaloa
According to the statistics n 2008, 3511 families are depending on the fishery industry that heavily relies on the lagoon. Further according to the statistics 3751 persons are directly engaged in the fishery sector activities. 18 fisheries co-operative societies found in the area. There are 16 fishing centres in the Batticaloa Municipal council area. Number of in- boat engine fishing crafts increased from 2 to 40 during the period from 2001 to 2008. Simultaneously the number of out-boat fishing crafts increased from 38 to 252 during the same period.
21 farmers are engaged in prawn culture in 21 hectares in periphery of the city. 1783 lagoon fisherman and 1232 deep sea fisherman occupy 36 villages in the city. The total production of coastal and lagoon fishing is as follows: There are some environmental hazards associated with the prawn farming industry. There are about 15 illegal farms functioning at Thiruperunthurai are along the lagoon shore. Each farm is around 1 acre in extent and 6ft deep. Water for the ponds is pumped from the lagoon and then discharged back into the lagoon after use without any treatment. Here the use of chemicals during the growth period, such as prawn foods, dolomite and calcium carbonate. When the effluent is discharged in to the lagoon, these chemicals are also mixed and discharged.